Georgia C3 Inquiries

Check out these C3 inquiries based on the Nation’s founding documents from the Georgia Historical Society.

What was Georgia’s response to school desegregation? 

The Fourteenth Amendment and School Desegregation

This inquiry is a case study in the Fourteenth Amendment. It asks students to evaluate Georgia’s response to the Supreme Court decision in Brown vs. Board of Education in 1954. Students examine the 14th Amendment and how it was applied to cases such as Plessy vs. Ferguson, the decisions made in both Brown vs. Board of Education and Brown II, and the results of the Sibley Commission in order to build an evidence-based argument about Georgia’s response to school desegregation.

Why does the Constitution require an oath of office?

Oaths of Office Inquiry

This inquiry focuses on Article VI of the United States Constitution, regarding debts, supremacy, oaths, and religious tests. This inquiry specifically considers the purpose of the Oath of Office requirement. This inquiry challenges students to consider the purpose of taking an oath of office and includes an activity where studentsanalyze the pledge to the Georgia state flag.

Does Voting Matter?

Representative Democracy in Georgia

This 8th grade inquiry focuses on Article IV of the United States Constitution and the relationship between citizens and their representatives in state government. The inquiry provides students an opportunity to learn about republican government and the guarantee in the Constitution that each state shall have a republican form of government. Students consider how this takes form through voting and the service of representatives in the Georgia General Assembly.

Why Do the Courts Matter?

Judicial Branch Inquiry

This 8th grade inquiry focuses on the role of the Supreme Court in relation to court cases that have had an indelible impact on the state of Georgia. Students assess three landmark cases to help them understand the role of the Supreme Court of the United States as one of the three branches of government.

How Far Does the President’s Power Reach? 

Executive Branch Inquiry

This 8th grade annotated inquiry focuses on the powers of the president. Students assess policies and actions of the Jimmy Carter administration and consider if presidents can (and should) expand their power beyond what the Constitution gives the executive. Students also analyze the processes in which the legislative and judicial branches check and balance the power of the executive branch. As an extension task, students are challenged to analyze the constitutionality of Executive Orders.

Was the Great Compromise of 1787 fair?

Legislative Branch Inquiry

The Compromise of 1787, otherwise known as the Great Compromise, gave the United States the bicameral legislature it has today. This inquiry focuses on how the Constitutional Convention decided to create legislature bodies and the details of how those bodies are constructed. The inquiry features the compelling questionWas the Great Compromise of 1787 fair? and highlights the involvement of Georgia’s Convention delegate, Abraham Baldwin.

What is the right balance between security and personal freedom?

Balancing Liberty with Security Inquiry

This 8th grade annotated inquiry asks students to consider what factors affect both liberty and security. Students consider the Social Contract Theory and how the Founding Fathers as well as everyday citizens attempt to find the balance between liberty and security. Students will assess founding documents such as the Declaration of Independence, the U.S. Constitution, and the Bill of Rights to discover how these documents address these topics, and assess major events within American history that have forced Americans to reconsider the balance liberty and security.

Please contact the Education Coordinator, Lisa Landers at for any questions or help using these inquires in your classroom!