Birth of John Bartram, America’s first professional botonist and William Bartram’s father.
April – Birth of William Bartram at Kingsessing, near Philadelphia on April 9 (the introduction of the new, or Gregorian, calendar in the British colonies in 1752 added eleven days, resulting in Bartram’s birth date also being listed as April 20, 1739 in some accounts)
Benjamin Franklin forms the American Philosophical Society with John Bartram as charter member
William begins to draw birds; First natural history journey with his father to Cadwallader Colden in New York
First time to William’s uncle’s plantation, Ashwood, in Wilmington, NC
William returns to Ashwood to go into business in NC
England acquires Florida territory that will be explored by John and William Bartram in 1765
John Bartram appointed Botanist to the King by Peter Collinson; Discovery of Franklinia alatamaha by John and William Bartram. This flowering tree was last seen in the wild in 1803. It was named for John Bartram’s friend Benjamin Franklin.
William travels with his father through the Carolinas and Georgia; Visited Bethesda; Trip up the St. Johns River in Florida with his father
March – William arrives in Charleston, SC to begin his travels; He learns of a meeting between representatives of Creek and Cherokee Nations; Explores Savannah, Midway, and Sunbury, Georgia.
May – Meeting occurs (official minutes lost, but William’s description exist); Hostility breaks out after meeting deterring William from surveying new boundaries.
October – Georgia Gov. James Wright signed a treaty with Creek leaders; William explores new territorial boundaries.
American Revolution begins with the Battles of Lexington and Concord; William reaches the Mississippi River
January – William returns to Savannah
September – Death of John Bartram
February – “Free Quakers” (who advocated resistance to Britain) organized; Though he was a Quaker, William Bartram supported the American Revolution
Due to poor health, Bartram turns down an offer to be the professor of Botany at the University of Pennsylvania
William elected to the American Philosophical Society
Publication of the Travels through North and South Carolina, Georgia, East and West Florida, the Cherokee Country, the Extensive Territories of the Muscogulges or Creek Confederacy, and the Country of the Choctaws, reporting the result of William’s 1773-77 trip
Publication of Benjamin Smith Barton’s Elements of Botany, with plates drawn by William Bartram
William Bartram and his brother John Bartram, Jr. publish a catalog of their father’s garden, A catalogue of trees, shrubs and herbaceous plants, indigenous to the United States of America
July – Entry on Bartram’s journal stated, “Rejoicing being…anniversary of the independence of the U. States of N. America.”
July – Death of William Bartram on July 22 in Philadelphia