Marker Monday: “Hall’s Knoll”: Home of Dr. Lyman Hall

In honor of Independence Day, during the month of July, #MarkerMonday will be exploring individuals and events related to the Revolutionary War in Georgia. Join GHS as we learn more about the role Georgia and her people played in the fight for independence.

"Hall's Knoll:" Home of Dr. Lyman HallThis week’s #MarkerMonday discusses Lyman Hall, one of Georgia’s three signers of the Declaration of Independence. Hall was born in Wallingford, Connecticut, on April 12, 1724. In 1747, he graduated from Yale University and became an ordained Congregational minister. After giving up ministry to practice medicine, Hall moved to Dorchester, South Carolina, in 1757, and later to St. John’s Parish, Georgia (present day Liberty County) with the Rev. Mr. John Osgood and his congregation. Hall and the other residents of St. John’s Parish were among the first Georgians to support the cause of Liberty at a time when many in the 13th colony were slow to rebel against royal rule. Hall acted as a parish representative in the Second Continental Congress in 1775−before Georgia consented to send official representatives from the colony.

The Declaration of independence; illustrated story of its adoption, with the biographies and portraits of the signers and of the secretary of the Congress. Image Courtesy of the Georgia Historical Society, Rare Book Collection, E221 M62.

The following year, Hall became an official representative of Georgia and joined Button Gwinnett and George Walton in signing the Declaration of Independence. In 1780, British troops occupied Savannah and seized Hall’s property including his plantation, Hall’s Knoll in St. John’s Parish. Hall, considered a traitor by the British for signing the Declaration of Independence, fled with his family to Connecticut on the advice of General George Washington. After the Revolutionary War, Hall returned to the Savannah-area and resumed his medical practice in 1782. Hall also served as a member of the Georgia General Assembly and rose to be Governor of Georgia in 1783-84. While Governor, Hall advocated for chartering the University of Georgia and dealt with the fledgling state’s financial challenges and conflicts with Native Americans and Loyalists on Georgia’s massive frontier. In 1790, he moved to Burke County where he purchased Shell Bluff Plantation. Hall passed away later that year and was buried on the plantation grounds. In 1818, the State of Georgia name Hall County in his honor. Hall’s body was reinterred in 1848 in Augusta, along with that of George Walton, beneath the Signers Monument, dedicated to the three Georgians who signed the Declaration of Independence.

Top Image is taken from larger image of the American flag. Public Domain.

Explore the links below to learn more about Lyman Hall, the Declaration of Independence, and the Revolutionary War in Georgia.

GHS is proud to house The State of Georgia’s Papers of the Continental Congress 1775-1788 on two rolls of microfilm.

Full Marker Text

Rev. Mr. John Osgood Historical Marker Text

The Signer’s Monument Historical Marker Text

Sunbury: Home of Many Famous Persons Historical Marker Text

Dr. Lyman Hall: Historical Marker Text

Today in Georgia History (Lyman Hall)

Today in Georgia History (Georgia Delegates Sign the Declaration of Independence)

Today in Georgia History (University of Georgia Chartered)

New Georgia Encyclopedia (Lyman Hall)

New Georgia Encyclopedia (Revolutionary War in Georgia)

The Society of the Descendants of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence Signers of the Declaration of Independence: Lyman Hall

Biographical Directory of the United States Congress: Lyman Hall

Liberty County Historical Society: Midway

City of Midway, Georgia: Our Past

Further Reading

Coleman, Kenneth. The American Revolution in Georgia, 1763-1789 (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1958).

Cook, James F. The Governors of Georgia, 1754-2004, 3d ed. (Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press, 2005).

Hall, James William. Lyman Hall, Georgia Patriot. (Savannah: Pigeonhole Press, 1959).

Stacy, James. History of the Midway Congregational Church, Liberty County, Georgia. Newnan, GA: S.W. Murray, printer, Newnan, GA, 1951.

Related Marker Monday Posts

Marker Monday: The Rev. Mr. John Osgood (May 1, 2017)

Marker Monday: The Signers’ Monument (July 4, 2016)

Marker Monday: Button Gwinnett (May 16, 2016)